NEUROSOURCE FAQ Neurofeedback is not new. In fact, it's been around since the late '60's and used by the military since the 1970's. Most people, however, remain unfamiliar with the different types of neurofeedback and the power neurofeedback has to re-regulate brainwave activity, alleviate many types of suffering, and aid in peak performance training.

NEUROSOURCE FAQ Neurofeedback is not new. In fact, it's been around since the late '60's and used by the military since the 1970's. Most people, however, remain unfamiliar with the different types of neurofeedback and the power neurofeedback has to re-regulate brainwave activity, alleviate many types of suffering, and aide in peak performance training.

List Click on your question to learn more about NeuroSource. 1 Why do I see mixed research results on Neurofeedback’s effectiveness? 2 Does Neurofeedback have negative side effects like drugs?
3 What is a Neurofeedback session like? 4 How soon will I see changes?
5 How many times a week should I do Neurofeedback? 6 What can I do to optimize my Neurofeedback? 7 What results can I expect? 8 What happens after I complete my training sessions?
9 Why haven't I heard of this?
Slide Background Why do I see mixed research results
on Neurofeedback’s effectiveness?
Not all Neurofeedback is equal. Some types of Neurofeedback systems do not utilize high quality brain mapping to objectively assess where the brain is dysregulated, nor is a clinician able to see how the brain is responding to the training in real time to adjust training protocols for maximal effectiveness. These types of Neurofeedback technologies do not tend to show consistent research results because the ways in which clinicians use these technologies are not standardized. At NeuroSource we use the most well-researched and evidence-based Neurofeedback technologies and coaching tools available, and all sessions are supervised by Dr. Foster who is one of the most highly certified and experienced Neurofeedback providers in the world. 1
1 Does Neurofeedback have negative side effects like drugs? Some clients feel tired after their Neurofeedback sessions because the brain
is getting a good workout. The drowsiness typically goes away after about
30 minutes.
If someone is on medication as they begin Neurofeedback, they may notice
feeling differently than before Neurofeedback. As the brain improves, the
need for medication decreases and one should work with their prescribing
physician to adjust dosages to adapt to brain improvements.
Some clients have experienced headaches after their sessions, but this is
typically due to a lack of sufficient hydration. So make sure you drink plenty
of filtered water before your Neurofeedback sessions.
Many Neurofeedback studies have been done and none have shown adverse
effects. For a Bibliography of Neurofeedback research, see: ISNR.org
2
2 What is a Neurofeedback session like? You get to sit in a comfortable chair and watch a movie! You will wear an EEG
cap into which gel is applied so the electrodes in the cap can read your
brainwave activity and send that information to the computer so you receive
feedback about how your brain is performing. You will have a bit of clear gel
in your hair, but we clean the gel up after your session.
You get to choose a movie or a game as your feedback. You are coached about
how to breathe properly and how to practice being in what we call the AARF state:
Awake, Alert, Relaxed and Focused. As you sit, still and quiet, your job is to breathe
properly, practice the AARF state, and watch the movie/game with curiosity.
When your brain begins to improve in the areas we are training, the movie or
game gets brighter/bigger/louder. When your brain stops improving, the movie
gets dimmer/smaller/quieter. This feedback helps your brain improve by learning
new brainwave habits.
Kids often have an easier time doing this than adults! Adults want to try and
figure out how to get the feedback to increase. When they try to figure out and
control the process, they get in the way of their brain learning quickly.
Neurofeedback is an opportunity for the brain to learn at a physiological level
and in a way that is much quicker than learning at a cognitive/thinking level.
The more you practice proper breathing, being in the AARF state, and curiosity
rather than control, the more opportunities your brain gets to learn and create
new habits. So leave your control at the door and bring your childlike curiosity.
Your brain will thank you.
3
3 How soon will I see changes? The answer to this question depends upon the complexity of your case.
If one is not on a lot of (or certain types of) medications, is eating healthy,
practicing good sleep habits and stress management techniques, exercising,
and taking good quality supplements, they may expect to see some lasting
changes after 10 sessions. Some people experience changes sooner and
others need more sessions before noticing substantial changes.
Once Dr. Foster has your brain map, knowledge about your situation,
and sees how your brain responds to the first few sessions, he may have
a better idea of how many sessions you might need.
We map your brain several times to get an objective assessment of how well
your brain is responding to the training and to help us assess whether we need
to employ other brain training techniques to move you along more quickly,
but you only pay for the brain map once. Our goal is for our clients to achieve
their brain training goals as quickly as possible.
Dr. Foster treats Veterans with PTSD and Traumatic Brain Injury. These are very
complex cases and the VA pays for 30 sessions. After those 30 sessions these
veterans typically experience profound reduction of difficult symptoms,
improvements in abilities to perform tasks, and often are reducing or even
getting off medications.
Dr. Foster has also worked with children and adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder
over the years. These are complex cases, and while they see definite
improvements, they often require more sessions than other cases.
4
4 How many times a week should I
do Neurofeedback?
Because Neurofeedback is brain training, it is most advantageous that you
come a few times a week in the beginning, if possible. Those who do as
many sessions as possible in a short period of time see benefits more
quickly than those who spread their training out over time. It’s similar
to going to a gym - you will benefit more going 3 times a week than
going once a week.
However, if your schedule only allows you to come once a week, then that
is better than not coming at all.
After you’ve had enough training to see some benefits, then you can start
to spread your sessions out over longer periods of time. We help you decide
when it is good to begin doing so.
5
5 What can I do to optimize my
Neurofeedback?
All clients receive a packet of information teaching them about ways they
can optimize sleep, improve stress management, and choose brain healthy
foods, supplements, and exercises to provide optimal support and nutrition
so their brain can transform as quickly and effectively as possible during their
Neurofeedback experience.
Clients who want to further optimize their health can schedule Wellness
or Epigenetics Coaching with Lee Ann and individualize their lifestyle choices
to see even better results.
6
6 7 What results can I expect? Each person’s brain is unique and we do not ever promise specific outcomes.
However, over the decades we’ve been offering Neurofeedback, our clients
have reported many beneficial results, such as:
Clients with attentional or cognitive struggles report improved Focus, Mental Clarity, and Information Processing Speed. It’s often the case that teachers, parents, partners, and others see the changes in our clients before they notice them in themselves. IQ often increases in adults and children after a course of training. (We can assess this with pre- and post-IQ tests for those interested in this service.) Mood improvements: Increased ability to remain calm in stressful circumstances, feeling happier, less irritable, less impulsive, and more at ease. Memory often improves. Communication, language, and perceptual abilities often improve. People with migraines and other pain struggles often report reduced or eliminated pain. People who have experienced PTSD often report that they no longer experience nightmares, anxiety, agitation, or pain. People with head injury report recovery of cognitive functions and reduction of pain and other troublesome symptoms often accompanying head injuries. People who have had strokes report that they are able to recover some of their physical and mental functions. People with seizure disorders report lessening and sometimes complete cessation of seizures. People with tinnitus and vertigo often report reduction or elimination of symptoms. Anything that involves brainwave dysregulation can potentially be helped by Neurofeedback.
7 What happens after I complete my
training sessions?
Many people don’t need to come back at all, especially those that maintain
healthy lifestyles that nourish their brain and body for optimal performance.
Some people come back periodically for a “tune-up.” This may happen when
they experience a stressful time or an injury. Doing a few sessions of
Neurofeedback can help them get back to themselves a bit more quickly.
Some young people who have come for Neurofeedback to address their
ADHD have come back for a few sessions when it’s time to take college
entrance exams or graduate school exams. They just want to get a tune-up
so they can perform at their best.
8
8 Why haven't I heard of this? Neurofeedback is a drug-free treatment that most physicians are not educated
about despite the fact that Neurofeedback has been around and researched,
even in the Veteran’s Hospitals, since the 1970’s. There are many sound
scientific studies on the effectiveness of Neurofeedback for many
brain related issues.
For a Bibliography of Neurofeedback research, see: ISNR.org 9
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NEUROFEEDBACK
SESSIONS
Wondering what your neurofeedback sessions will look like? Here, you will find a brief overview of the process. 0
DISCUSS GOALS At the beginning of each appointment, as we prepare you for your Neurofeedback session, you will evaluate your progress for each of the goals you've set for yourself. 1 HEART RATE VARIABILITY TRAINING Next, you will do some Biofeedback to help your brain transition into a peak learning state to achieve optimal results from your Neurofeedback session. HRV also teaches your brain to be calm and resilient to stress. 2 NEUROFEEDBACK
TRAINING
We make brain training fun! LORETA Z-Score Neurofeedback involves watching a movie or playing a game to train your brain to improve in challenged areas. The feedback provides rewards which motivate your brain to change. 3
POST SESSION
EVALUATION
As the session closes, you will be asked to rate yourself on measures of wakefulness, calmness, and focus. This helps you become more aware of your mental, emotional, and physical states so that you learn to self-regulate. 4

NEUROFEEDBACK
SESSIONS
Wondering what your neurofeedback sessions will look like? Here, you will find a brief overview of the process. 0
DISCUSS GOALS At the beginning of each appointment, as we prepare you for your Neurofeedback session, you will evaluate your progress for each of the goals you've set for yourself. 1 HEART RATE
VARIABILITY
TRAINING
Next, you will do some Biofeedback to help your brain transition into a peak learning state to achieve optimal results from your Neurofeedback session. HRV also teaches your brain to be calm and resilient to stress. 2
NEUROFEEDBACK
TRAINING
We make brain training fun! LORETA Z-Score Neurofeedback involves watching a movie or playing a game to train your brain to improve in challenged areas. The feedback provides rewards which motivate your brain to change. 3
POST SESSION
EVALUATION
As the session closes, you will be asked to rate yourself on measures of wakefulness, calmness, and focus. This helps you become more aware of your mental, emotional, and physical states so that you learn to self-regulate. 4